Political Opposition in Post-communist Democracies and Authoritarianisms


Why have opposition parties failed to act as effective safeguards against the deteriorating quality of democracy in Poland and Hungary? Why has the democratization process in Ukraine (until 2022) and Georgia been stalled, despite active extra-parliamentary opposition? What forms of political dissent can be detected in Belarus since the mass protests in 2020 and subsequent wave of unprecedented repression?

This project tackles the state of political opposition, its functions, strategies and institutional setting in different political systems of Central and Eastern Europe.


The project has received a PRIMA grant for a five-year period by the Swiss National Science Foundation.


Project Summary

Research Goals

This project’s findings will contribute to our understanding of post-communist democratization and state-society relations, and are expected to shape the debate on typology of political systems in political science.

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Latest Publications

Solska, Magdalena. “The Experience of Solidarity in Poland under Communist Rule and Thereafter”. Cantonal and University Library Fribourg, 2021, Cantonal and University Library Fribourg, 2021. doi:10.18753/2297-8224-171.

All Publications


Magdalena Solska, PhD

SNSF Assistant Professor
T: +41 26 300 7980

Rte des Bonnesfontaines 11
CH-1700 Fribourg


Mélody Gugelmann, M.A.

PhD Student
T:+ 41 26 300 7792

Rte des Bonnesfontaines 11
CH-1700 Fribourg


University of Fribourg
Rte des Bonnesfontaines 11
CH-1700 Fribourg

Department of Social Work, Social Policy and Global Development

Department of European and Slavic Studies